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By Richard A. Lanham

With a special mixture of alphabetical and descriptive lists, A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms offers in a single handy, available quantity all of the rhetorical terms—mostly Greek and Latin—that scholars of Western literature and rhetoric are inclined to stumble upon of their examining or will locate beneficial of their writing.

The Second Edition of this generic paintings deals new positive aspects that may make it much more useful:

* a very revised alphabetical directory that defines approximately 1,000 phrases utilized by students of formal rhetoric from classical Greece to the current day

* A revised procedure of cross-references among terms

* Many new examples and new, prolonged entries for vital terms

* A revised Terms-by-Type directory to spot unknown terms

* a brand new typographical layout for less complicated access

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Therefore exposition involves suggest the second one a part of an oration in addition to the 3rd. Quintilian makes use of the time period during this feel to consult the second one a part of the oration (III. ix. 7), the Narration (which, because he makes use of a five-part total scheme, he doesn't after all distinguish from department anyway). might be it's going to make feel to take advantage of "Exposition" in basic terms in its basic Latin and English experience and confer with the second one or 3rd components of an oration, or elements thereof, via considered one of their different Latin names. Or, following a suggestive be aware by means of Harry Caplan, the recognized editor of the advert Herennium, we'd make the most one other and hitherto hidden that means. In a be aware to expositio within the vexed passage stated above, Caplan supplies as a Greek identical the note è'/cétecriç. For either the Greek notice and the Latin, the 1st which means is a specific form of "exposure," the "exposure of a kid. " might be we will be able to use "exposition" to consult "killing a toddler" within the similar metaphorical experience during which Elizabethan dramatists mentioned "tearing a cat. " Dickens was once keen on exposition during this experience, making use of it usually while the monthly-part revenues of a unique indicated declining reader curiosity. Exprobatio (ex professional BA ti o; L. "reproach") — Onedismus. Extension. approximately, denotation of a time period; in good judgment, all of the subclasses of a given classification. Extenuatio (ex te nu A ti o) — Meiosis. Exuperatio (ex u pe RA tio) — Hyperbole. seventy six FALLACY Exuscitatio (ex us ci TA ti o; L. "awakening, arousing"). Emotional utterance that seeks to maneuver hearers to a like feeling. this is Thomas Dekker, urging on us the pleasures of kingdom lifestyles: Hast thou a wish to rule, wake up to the mountains, and thou shalt see the best bushes stand trembling earlier than thee to do thee reverence, these maist thou name thy Nobles. . . . Wouldest thou behold battles? Step into the fields, there shalt thou see first-class combats among the status Corn and the Winds. paintings thou a tyrant and delightest within the fall of the nice ones? Muster then thy Harvesters jointly, and down with these proud summer time Lords. (The Pelican booklet of English Prose, 1. 261) delusion (L. fabula, "discourse, narrative, story") —Apologue. a brief allegorical tale that issues a lesson or ethical; the characters are often animals. See additionally Exemplum; Progymnasmata; Simile. Fallacy (Logical). types: (1) Formal — violates principles of Syllogism; (2) casual (or fabric) — of relevance or of ambiguity. (a) Fallacies of relevance: Argumentum advert baculum (appeal to force). Argumentum advert hominem (disparage the nature of the speaker, rather than attacking his arguments). Argumentum advert ignorantiam (argue proposition is correct since it hasn't ever been proved false). Argumentum advert misericordiam (appeal to pity). Argumentum advert populum (play at the emotions of the audience). Argumentum advert verecundiam (appeal to standard values). communicate coincidence (fallacious generalization at the foundation of unrepresentative sample). submit hoc, propter hoc (because A happens prior to B, A is the reason for B: confusion of temporal and causal sequence).

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