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By Slavoj Žižek, Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, Jean-Luc Nancy, Jacques Rancière, Wendy Brown, Kristin Ross, Daniel Bensaïd

"Is it significant to name oneself a democrat? And if this is the case, how do you interpret the word?"

In responding to this question, 8 iconoclastic thinkers turn out the wealthy capability of democracy, besides its severe weaknesses, and reconceive the perform to house new political and cultural realities. Giorgio Agamben lines the annoying historical past of constitutions and their coexistence with quite a few governments. Alain Badiou contrasts present democratic perform with democratic communism. Daniel Bensaid ponders the institutionalization of democracy, whereas Wendy Brown discusses the democratization of society below neoliberalism. Jean-Luc Nancy measures the adaptation among democracy as a sort of rule and as a human finish, and Jacques Rancière highlights its egalitarian nature. Kristin Ross identifies hierarchical relationships inside of democratic perform, and Slavoj Zizek complicates the excellence among those that wish to personal the country and people who desire to do with out it.

Concentrating at the classical roots of democracy and its altering which means over the years and inside of diversified contexts, those essays uniquely safeguard what's left of the left-wing culture after the autumn of Soviet communism. They confront disincentives to lively democratic participation that experience triggered voter turnout to say no in western international locations, and so they deal with electoral indifference by means of invoking and reviving the culture of citizen involvement. Passionately written and theoretically wealthy, this assortment speaks to all points of contemporary political and democratic debate.

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2. See Enzo Traverso, Le Totalitarisme: Le XXe siècle en debat (Paris: Seuil, 2001). three. Leon Trotski, Staline (Paris: Grasset, 1948). four. Jacques Rancière, l. a. Haine de l. a. Democratie (Paris: los angeles Fabrique, 2005), p. forty four. English translation: Hatred of Democracy, trans. Steve Corcoran (New York: Verso, 2006). five. Pierre Rosanvallon, los angeles légitimité démocratique (Paris: Seuil, 2008), p. 317. See additionally Emmanuel Todd, Après l. a. démocratie (Paris: Gallimard, 2008). Nicholas Sarkozy was once elected president of the French Republic in might 2007. For Todd, Sarkozy isn't the genuine challenge, simply the symptom of a “general wobbliness of democracy” as a result of the “disappearance of a strong and strong shared trust approach, non secular in foundation and anchored in localities. ” rather than the empty area postulated through Lefort, Todd thinks that democracy isn't manageable within the absence of roots and traditions, and that it should be rooted once again, even on the danger of arousing identitarian mythologies, nationwide or cultural. One asks: the place, in a global of without borders monetary flows and financial paradises, do you want democracy to be “rooted,” M. Todd? and the way do you retain this quest for origins and roots from degenerating right into a cult of blood and ancestry? 6. Raymond Aron, creation à los angeles philosophie politique: Démocratie et Révolution (Paris: Livre de Poche, 1997), p. 36. 7. Miguel Abensour, los angeles Démocratie contre l’État (Paris: PUF, 1997). eight. Carl Schmitt, Parlementarisme et démocratie (Paris: Seuil, 1988). nine. Alain Badiou, De quoi Sarkozy est-il le nom? (Paris: Lignes, 2007), p. forty two. 10. Badiou, De quoi Sarkozy, p. 122. eleven. Alain Badiou, “May sixty eight puissance 4,” in À Babord, April 2008. 12. Badiou, De quoi Sarkozy, p. 134. thirteen. See Luciano Canfora, los angeles Démocratie: Histoire d’une idéologie (Paris: Seuil, 2007). 14. Rancière, los angeles Haine de los angeles Democratie, pp. 103–105. 15. Jacques Rancière, Au bord du politique (Paris: l. a. Fabrique, 1998), p. thirteen. sixteen. los angeles Philosophie déplacée, Colloque de Cerisy (Paris: Horlieu, 2006). 17. brought up in Daniel Bensaïd, ed. , Politiquement incorrects: Entretiens pour le XXIe siècle (Paris: Textuel, 2008). 18. Agnès Heller and Ferencz Feher, Marxisme et démocratie (Paris: Maspero, 1981), pp. 127, 237, 301. 19. See Isabelle Garo, L’Idéologie ou l. a. pensée embarquée (Paris: los angeles Fabrique, 2009). 20. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Le Contrat social (Paris: Aubier, 1943), p. 187. 21. Louis de Saint-Just, “Institutions républicaines,” in Oeuvres complètes (Paris: Gallimard, 2004), p. 1087. 22. Ibid. , p. 1091. 23. Cornelius Castoriadis, L’Institution imaginaire de los angeles societé (Paris: Seuil, 1999), p. 161. 24. Ibid. , p. 319. 25. Claude Lefort, Le Temps présent (Paris: Belin, 2007), p. 635. 26. Walter Lippmann, Le Fantôme du public (Paris: Demopolis, 2008), p. 39. 27. Ibid. , p. 143. 28. Rancière, l. a. Haine de l. a. Democratie, p. 60. 29. Lefort, Le Temps présent, p. 478. 30. Alexandra Kollontaï, L’Opposition ouvrière (Paris: Seuil, 1974), p. 50. 31. See Oskar Anweilher, Serge Bricianer, and Pierre Broué, Les Soviets en Russie 1905–1921 (Paris: Gallimard, 1972). 32. See Canfora, l. a. Démocratie.

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