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By Pierre Briant

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He mentions easily that the conflict ended badly for Psammetichus, whose Egyptian troops sought shelter within the fort of Mem­ phis. "Cambyses laid seige to the city, and after a time it was once surrendered" (111. 13-v-). Psammetichus used to be taken prisoner. the alternatives made via Herodotus from the data to be had to him led him to omit in silence either the power of the resistance and the function of Psammetichus's army. A overdue writer, Polyaenus (VII. 9), as a substitute emphasizes that Cambyses needed to besiege Pelusium and that the Egyptians have been in a position to use catapults and different machines to dam Cambyses in entrance of town, which ipso facto closed off his access to Egypt, for the reason that Egypt couldn't be entered with no taking town or having naval superiority. we all know that an Egyptian, Udjahorresnet, commanded the sea-going fleet for Amasis after which for Psammetichus III. simply because he offers himself as a favourite of Cambyses, we would wager that Udjahorresnet had deserted Amasis, hence significantly facilitating Camby­ ses' victory at Pelusium; however the speculation continues to be susceptible. as soon as Pelusium was once taken, the troops and the Persian army have been in a position to penetrate the Nile Valley and lay siege to Mem­ phis, which was once associated with the ocean by means of a variety of waterways. this kind of was once traversed by means of Cambyses' boat, which carried a usher in prompt to call for the give up of the de­ fenders. The bring in used to be killed, together with his retinue. Psammetichus and his troops have been in reality capable of mount a protracted resistance within the shadow of the "White Wall," that may no longer be taken with out the aid of the fleet. on the finish of the siege (whose size Herodotus doesn't give), Cambyses was once in a position to make his triumphal access into the city, and a Persian-Egyptian garrison used to be stationed within the "White Wall. " as soon as he had conquered Egypt, Cambyses meant to reassert on his personal behalf the pursuits of the final pharaohs towards the west (Libya and Cyrenaica) and south (Nubia = Herodotus's Ethiopia). The Libyans, quickly via the Greeks of Cyrene and Barca, despatched presents to Cambyses as tokens of quit; as evidence of his sturdy will, Cambyses again the Greek lady whom Amasis had wed while he made an alliance with the Greek city of Cyrene. Then, nonetheless following Herodotus (III. 17), "he deliberate a threefold day trip: opposed to the Carthaginians, opposed to the Ammonians, opposed to the Long-Lived Ethiopians who dwell in Libya at the fringe of the southern sea. " The day trip opposed to Carthage used to be canceled as the Phoenicians have been unwilling to make battle on a Phoe­ nician colony. even supposing the potential for an excursion opposed to Carthage turns out un­ most likely, an identical can't be acknowledged for royal designs at the south. Cambyses devoted his efforts to the belief of a good "African project," which consisted partly of buying the dominion of Meroe and partly of seizing strategic positions within the western oases. during this procedure, Cambyses used to be in actual fact following the coverage of the Saites, who seeing that Psam- Cambyses and the Egyptian Traditions fifty five metichus I had on a regular basis despatched expeditions to the south with a purpose to positioned an finish to the Cushite chance and to solidify their dominion at the very least so far as the 1st Cataract.

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