The an important interval of chinese language heritage, 168-979, falls clearly into contrasting levels. the 1st part, often referred to as that of 'early medieval China,' is an age of political decentralization. Following the breakup of the Han empire, China used to be plunged into civil conflict and fragmentation and stayed divided for almost 4 centuries. the second one part begun in 589, through the Sui dynasty, while China was back introduced below a unmarried govt. lower than the Sui, the paperwork used to be revitalized, the army bolstered, and the taxation procedure reformed. the autumn of the Sui in 618 gave technique to the even improved Tang dynasty, which represents an apogee of conventional chinese language civilization. Inheriting the entire nice associations built below the Sui, the Tang made nice achievements in poetry, portray, song, and structure. The An Lushan uprising, which additionally happened in the course of Tang rule, led to far-reaching adjustments within the socioeconomic, political, and armed forces arenas. What transpired within the moment 1/2 the Tang and the resultant 5 Dynasties supplied the root for the following age of overdue imperial China.
This moment variation of Historical Dictionary of Medieval China incorporates a chronology, an advent, and an intensive bibliography. The dictionary part has over a thousand cross-referenced entries on ancient determine. It expands on present thematic entries, and provides a couple of new ones with massive content material, together with these on the Aristocracy, paintings, structure, archaeology, economic climate, agriculture, funds, inhabitants, towns, literature, historiography, army, faith, Persia, India, Japan, Korea, Arabs, and Byzantium, between others. This ebook is a wonderful entry aspect for college students, researchers, and someone desirous to understand extra approximately medieval China.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Medieval China (Historical Dictionaries of Ancient Civilizations and Historical Eras)
2:42–43, ⑦12; DSFY forty eight. 2240). BAIMAN 白蠻. Subgroup of Cuanman 爨蠻 in north Yunnan and south Sichuan in Tang. They validated Dali 大理 in 937. BAIMEN 白門. 1. Nanjing, Jiangsu. 2. Nanbeichao: Xuanyang 宣 陽 Gate (main southern front) in Jiankang (Nanjing) (DSFY 20. 926). BAIQU 白渠. Canal in Guanzhong. W estern H an : ninety five bc –. It branched off the Jing River 涇水 and ran parallel to the Zhengguoqu 鄭國渠 from northeast of Liquan and north of Xianyang, Shaanxi, to direction southeast to Xiagui (in Weinan) ahead of heading south to the Wei River (Tan v. 2:15–16, ④5; DSFY fifty two. 2478). BAISHA 白沙. position. 1. at the Xiang River in north Xiangyin, Hunan (Tan v. 4:34–35, ⑤6). 2. Yizheng (northeast of Nanjing), Jiangsu (Tan v. 5:54, ③7; DSFY 23. 1127). BAISHAN 白山. Changbai Mountains in Jilin. fifty two • BAISHUI BAISHUI 白水. 1. commandery. a. Northern Wei: 478–. Seat: Baishui 白水 (Baishui [northeast of Xi’an], Shaanxi) (Tan v. 4:54–55, ⑦8). Sui: –ca. 581 (DSFY fifty four. 2612). b. jap Jin: seat: Baxian 巴縣 (southwest of Qingchuan, north Sichuan) (Tan v. 4:25–26, ②4; 37, ②2). Liang: renamed Pingxing 平興 (DSFY fifty six. 2692). 2. county. Western Han: seat: northeast of Qingchuan (Tan v. 2:53–54, ③6). Sui: renamed Pingxing (DSFY sixty eight. 3214). BAISHUIGUAN 白水關. go northwest of Guangyuan, northeast Sichuan. BAITAN 白檀. County. Western Han: seat: northeast of Luanping, Hebei, and northeast of Beijingshi. jap Han: abolished (Tan v. 2:27–28, ③3). Northern Wei: seat: northeast of Miyun, Beijing (Tan v. 4:50–51, ③5). Northern Qi: abolished (DSFY eleven. 483). BAIXIA 白下. 1. Nanjing, Jiangsu. 2. county. Tang: 626 (converted from Jinling 金陵)–635. Seat: north of Nanjing (DSFY 20. 940). BAIXING 白陘 [Mengmen 孟門]. Defile within the Taihang Mountains west of Huixian and north of Zhengzhou, Henan. It associated north Henan with south Shanxi (DSFY forty nine. 2313). BAIYA 白崖. position northeast of Ningqiang, southwest Shaanxi (DSFY fifty six. 2699). ~CHENG 白崖城. city, east of Liaoyang, Liaoning. Tang: seat of Yanzhou 巖州 in 645–646 (Tan v. 5:50–51, ⑤4; DSFY 37. 1737). BAIYU JING 百喻經 (Sūtra of 1 hundred parables). Budd. renowned selection of scriptural tales, translated through Gun. avr. ddhi 求那毗地 in juan in Qi instances. BAIZHANG, CHAN grasp OF 百丈禪師. See HUAIHAI 懷海. BAJIANG 巴江. River. 1. the Nanjiang in Nanjiangxian and the Bahe south of Bazhong, northeast Sichuan. 2. the Bashui in Tongjiang, northeast Sichuan. three. the Jialing River in northeast Sichuan. BAQIAO • fifty three BAJUN 巴郡. Qin (Zhanguo): zone, 316 bc–. It lay in Nanchong and others, Sichuan, and Chongqing. Seat: Jiangzhou 江州 (Chongqingshi) (Tan v. 2:11–12, ②3). japanese Han: it spun off Yongningjun 永寧- and Gulingjun 固陵- in 194. In 201 Bajun was once renamed Baxijun 巴西-, and Yongningjun, Bajun. Shu: seat: Chongqingshi (Tan v. 3:22–23, ⑥8). Sui: commandery, –ca. 581 (renamed Yuzhou 渝州), ca. 607–. No. of families in 609: 14,423 (Tan v. 5:11–12, ⑥4). Tang: –618 (renamed Yuzhou) (DSFY sixty eight. 3201). BALING 巴陵. 1. commandery. LiuSong: 439 (a derivative from Changsha and Jiangxia 江夏)–. It lay in Yueyang and others, Hunan. Seat: Baling (Yueyang, north Hunan). Sui: –589, ca. 607–. No. of families in 609: 6,934 (Tan v. 5:26–27, ④6).