Download E-books Homilies on the Song of Songs: Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Richard A. Norris Jr. (Writings from the Greco-Roman World) PDF

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By Gregory of Nyssa

Richard A. Norris (1930–2005) was once one of many nice patristic students of contemporary occasions. Readers who desire to understand extra approximately Norris as someone, student, and theologian can achieve invaluable insights into him by means of studying the targeted factor of Anglican Th eological overview (90:3) that used to be released in honor of his various contributions (2008). He used to be specifically drawn to the background of biblical interpretation, and one of many texts to which he dedicated specific awareness was once the music of Songs. A hugely infl uential patristic interpreter of this article used to be Gregory of Nyssa (ca. 335–395 c.e.), whose fi toes een homilies at the tune are translated via Norris during this quantity.

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For that reason, if there's revenue even within the textual content taken for simply what it says, we have now what's sought correct earlier than us. however, if anything is acknowledged | in a hid demeanour when it comes to enigmas and below-the-surface meanings, and so is void of revenue in its undeniable experience, such passages we flip over in our minds, simply because the observe teaches us in Proverbs, in order that we may perhaps comprehend what's acknowledged both as a parable or as a gloomy announcing or as a observe of the clever or as an enigma (cf. Prov 1:6). One might need to consult the anagogical interpretation of such 1. Greek διὰ τῆς καταλλήλου θεωρίας. at the which means of the time period θεωρία for Gregory, see Daniélou 1970, 1–19. 2. Paul makes use of the notice “enigma” (αἴνιγμα) in 1 Cor 13:12 (“now we see when it comes to a reflect in an enigma”—of which notice “dimly” within the rsv is a light and positive translation). It was once a technical time period in Greek rhetoric and intended a way of speech that's intentionally confusing and imprecise; in Augustine’s later clarification (which in fact follows Quintilian), an “obscure” allegory. -3- 4 five 10 15 20 25 30 GREGORY OF NYSSA: HOMILIES at the music OF SONGS εἴτε ἀλληγορίαν εἴτε τι ἄλλο τις ὀνομάζειν ἐθέλοι, οὐδὲν περὶ τοῦ ὀνόματος διοισόμεθα, μόνον εἰ τῶν ἐπωφελῶν ἔχοιτο νοημάτων· καὶ γὰρ ὁ μέγας ἀπόστολος πνευματικὸν εἶναι λέγων τὸν νόμον, ἐμπεριλαμβάνων δὲ τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ νόμου καὶ τὰ ἱστορικὰ διηγήματα, ὡς πᾶσαν τὴν θεόπνευστον γραφὴν νόμον εἶναι τοῖς ἐντυγχάνουσιν, οὐ μόνον διὰ τῶν φανερῶν παραγγελμάτων ἀλλὰ καὶ διὰ τῶν ἱστορικῶν διηγημάτων παιδεύουσαν πρός τε γνῶσιν τῶν μυστηρίων καὶ πρὸς καθαρὰν πολιτείαν τοὺς ἐπιστατικῶς ἐπαΐοντας, κέχρηται μὲν τῇ ἐξηγήσει κατὰ τὸ ἀρέσκον αὐτῷ πρὸς τὸ ὠφέλιμον βλέπων, οὐ φροντίζει δὲ τοῦ ὀνόματος, ᾧ χρὴ κατονομάζεσθαι τὸ εἶδος τῆς ἐξηγήσεως· ἀλλὰ νῦν μὲν ἀλλάσσειν φησὶ τὴν φωνήν, μέλλων μετάγειν τὴν ἱστορίαν εἰς ἔνδειξιν τῆς περὶ τῶν διαθηκῶν οἰκονομίας, | εἶτα μνησθεὶς τῶν δύο τοῦ Ἀβραὰμ τέκνων, τῶν ἔκ τε τῆς παιδίσκης καὶ τῆς ἐλευθέρας αὐτῷ γεγονότων, ἀλληγορίαν ὀνομάζει τὴν περὶ αὐτῶν θεωρίαν, πάλιν δὲ πράγματά τινα διηγησάμενος τῆς ἱστορίας φησὶν ὅτι Τυπικῶς μὲν συνέβαινεν ἐκείνοις, ἐγράφη δὲ πρὸς νουθεσίαν ἡμῶν. καὶ πάλιν τὸ μὴ δεῖν κημοῦσθαι τὸν ἀλοῶντα βοῦν εἰπὼν προσέθηκεν ὅτι Οὐ μέλει τῷ θεῷ περὶ τῶν βοῶν, ἀλλ’ ὅτι Δι’ ἡμᾶς πάντως ἐγράφη. ἔστι δὲ ὅπου τὴν ἀμυδροτέραν κατανόησιν καὶ τὴν ἐκ μέρους γνῶσιν ἔσοπτρον ὀνομάζει καὶ αἴνιγμα. καὶ πάλιν τὴν ἀπὸ τῶν σωματικῶν πρὸς τὰ νοητὰ μετάστασιν πρὸς κύριον ἐπιστροφὴν λέγει καὶ καλύμματος περιαίρεσιν. ἐν πᾶσι δὲ τούτοις τοῖς διαφόροις τρόποις τε καὶ ὀνόμασι τῆς κατὰ τὸν νοῦν θεωρίας ἓν ὑφηγεῖται διδασκαλίας εἶδος ἡμῖν, τὸ μὴ δεῖν πάντως παραμένειν τῷ γράμματι ὡς βλαπτούσης ἡμᾶς ἐν πολλοῖς εἰς τὸν κατ’ ἀρετὴν βίον τῆς προχείρου τῶν λεγομένων ἐμφάσεως, ἀλλὰ μεταβαίνειν πρὸς τὴν ἄϋλόν τε καὶ νοητὴν θεωρίαν, ὥστε τὰς σωματικωτέρας ἐννοίας μεταβληθῆναι πρὸς νοῦν καὶ διάνοιαν κόνεως δίκην τῆς σαρκωδεστέρας ἐμφάσεως τῶν | λεγομένων ἐκτιναχθείσης. καὶ διὰ τοῦτό φησιν ὅτι Τὸ γράμμα ἀποκτείνει, τὸ δὲ πνεῦμα ζωοποιεῖ, ὡς πολλαχῇ τῆς ἱστορίας, εἴπερ ἐπὶ ψιλῶν σταίημεν τῶν πραγμάτων, οὐκ ἀγαθοῦ βίου παρεχομένης ἡμῖν τὰ ὑποδείγματα· τί γὰρ ὠφελεῖ πρὸς ἀρετὴν τὸν ἀκούοντα Ὡσηὲ ὁ προφήτης ἐκ πορνείας παιδοποιούμενος καὶ Ἠσαΐας εἰσιὼν πρὸς τὴν προφῆτιν, εἰ μέχρι τῆς λέξεώς τις στήσειε τὸ λεγόμενον; ἢ 6 7 HOMILY PREFACE five sayings as “tropology” or “allegory” or by means of another identify.

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