By Alexander Turner
At 0310 hours on 7 June 1917, the pre-dawn gloom at the Western entrance was once shattered via the 'pillars of fireside' - the swift detonation of nineteen large mines, secreted in tunnels below the German strains and containing 450 tonnes of explosives. Admitted via the Germans to be a 'masterstroke', the devastating blasts prompted 10,000 squaddies to later be published easily as 'missing'. Launching a pre-planned assault into the carnage, supported through tanks and a devastating artillery barrage, the British took the strategic aim of Messines Ridge inside hours. a unprecedented instance of innovation and luck within the First global conflict (1914-1918), this booklet is a clean and well timed exam of a desirable crusade.
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Extra resources for Messines 1917: The zenith of siege warfare (Campaign)
Cost ninth Bn. West Yorkshire Regiment sixth Bn. eco-friendly Howards eighth Bn. Duke of Wellington’s Regiment sixth Bn. York and Lancaster Regiment thirty third Infantry Brigade – Brig. Gen. A. C. Daly sixth Bn. Lincolnshire Regiment sixth Bn. Border Regiment seventh Bn. South Staffordshire Regiment ninth Bn. Sherwood Foresters thirty fourth Infantry Brigade – Brig. Gen. S. H. Pedley eighth Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers ninth Bn. Lancashire Fusiliers fifth Bn. Dorset Regiment eleventh Bn. Manchester Regiment third Australian department – Maj. Gen. John Monash ninth Australian Brigade – Brig. Gen. A. Jobson thirty third Bn. (New South Wales) thirty fourth Bn. (New South Wales) thirty fifth Bn. (New South Wales) thirty sixth Bn. (New South Wales) tenth Australian Brigade – Brig. Gen. W. R. McNicoll thirty seventh Bn. (Victoria) thirty eighth Bn. (Victoria) thirty ninth Bn. (Victoria) fortieth Bn. (Victoria) eleventh Australian Brigade – Brig. Gen. A. Cannan forty first Bn. (Outer States) forty second Bn. (Outer States) forty third Bn. (Outer States) forty fourth Bn. (Outer States) II ANZAC Corps – Lt. Gen. Sir Alexander Godley twenty fifth (North Western) department – Maj. Gen. E. G. T. Bainbridge seventh Infantry Brigade – Brig. Gen. C. C. Onslow tenth Bn. Cheshire Regiment 4th Australian department – Maj. Gen. William Holmes 4th Australian Brigade – Brig. Gen. C. H. model thirteenth Bn. (New South Wales) 14th Bn. (Victoria) 34 © Osprey Publishing • www. ospreypublishing. com CAM225_Messines_TEXT. qxd:Layout 1 6/5/10 12:03 web page 35 fifteenth Bn. (Queensland and Tasmania) sixteenth Bn. (South and Western Australia) twelfth Australian Brigade – Brig. Gen. J. C. Robertson forty fifth Bn. (New South Wales) forty sixth Bn. (Victoria) forty seventh Bn. (Queensland and Tasmania) forty eighth Bn. (South and Western Australia) thirteenth Australian Brigade – Brig. Gen. T. W. Glasgow forty ninth Bn. (Queensland) fiftieth Bn. (South Australia) 51st Bn. (Western Australia) 52nd Bn. (South and Western Australia & Tasmania) fortieth (Saxon) Infantry department – Gen. Lt. Meister 104th Infantry Regiment 134th Infantry Regiment 181st Infantry Regiment Heavy department, laptop Gun Corps parts: II Tank Brigade – Col. A. braveness A Bn. B Bn. seventh Infantry department – Gen. Lt. von der Eich twenty sixth Infantry Regiment Royal Engineers Tunnelling businesses desirous about the Messines mining offensive at a number of levels (* denotes current on 7 June): 1st Australian Tunnelling corporation* second Australian Tunnelling corporation 1st Canadian Tunnelling corporation* 2d Canadian Tunnelling corporation third Canadian Tunnelling corporation* 171st Tunnelling corporation* 172nd Tunnelling corporation one hundred and seventy fifth Tunnelling corporation 250th Tunnelling corporation* 1st Guards Reserve Infantry department – Gen. Lt. von Tiede 1st Guards Reserve Infantry Regiment second Guards Reserve Infantry Regiment sixty fourth Reserve Infantry Regiment GERMAN third (Bavarian) Infantry department – Gen. der Infanterie von Wenninger twenty third Bavarian Infantry Regiment 18th Bavarian Infantry Regiment seventeenth Bavarian Infantry Regiment Counterattack [Eingreif] Divisions in Gruppe Wytschaete quarter: 163rd Infantry Regiment 393rd Infantry Regiment German flanking formations eager about the conflict 7 June: From Gruppe Ypern to north: 119th Infantry department – Gen. Lt. Grünert From Gruppe Lille to South: 4th (Bavarian) Infantry department – Gen.