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By J. Bahcall, W. Haxton, K. Kubodera, C. Poole

Neutrinos play a key function in lots of components of particle physics, nuclear physics and astrophysics. the new discovery of neutrino oscillation has given the 1st trace of recent physics past the traditional version. truly, this can be very vital to check extra the oscillation and different primary houses of neutrinos. it's also very important to enhance our wisdom of neutrino-nucleus reactions, that are an important for knowing a wide type of astrophysical phenomena. those and plenty of different fascinating questions will be investigated at stopped pion neutrino amenities just like the one deliberate for the Spallation Neutron resource on the Oak Ridge nationwide Laboratory. the aim of the Carolina Symposium used to be fold: to discover and alternate rules at the most up-to-date advancements quite often frontiers of neutrino physics and comparable fields; and to deal with particular matters referring to the above-mentioned stopped pion neutrino facility. one of the themes coated within the court cases are: cosmology and neutrino; usual version assessments with neutrinos; neutrino oscillation, experiments and theories; darkish subject seek; double beta-decay; infrequent occasions detection strategies; the sun neutrino challenge; supernova explosion, nucleosynthesis; and the ORLaND venture.

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It truly is anticipated to begin information taking within the spring 2002. 6 THE BOREXINO software. the most interplay studied in Borexino is neutrino elastic scattering on an electron. A software program threshold of E e = zero. 25 MeV is outlined by way of the software program, and it corresponds to a neutrino strength threshold of zero. four MeV. In Fig. three, neutrino indications anticipated in Borexino are proven and in comparison with the predicted history. The strength answer has been folded in. The Borexino software involves the subsequent goods. - premiums The v occasion charges anticipated in Borexino are calculated for the values of <5m2 and sin2 (26) such as the at the moment allowed areas for the MSW and Vacuum oscillations hypotheses. The allowed areas are outlined through the traditional sun version (Bahcall and Pinsonneault, 1998) or via the result of the CI and Ga experiments and the SuperKamiokande scan (total rate). The calculated occasion charges are summarized in desk II. desk II: anticipated charges (events/day) S. S. M. fifty five MSW-SMA 12 MSW-LMA 32 MSW-LOW 29 VACUUM 26 (20-39) The prediction for the vacuum oscillation (V. O. ) speculation has a wide range as a result width of the nonetheless allowed sector. those charges can be in comparison with an anticipated history of ~15 events/day. A small price, lower than the MSW-SMA prediction, may favour a sterile neutrino. nonetheless, a excessive fee may still disfavour the SMA resolution. - Seasonal modulation. The seasonal modulations of the Borexino premiums may be because of origins: the eccentricity of the Earth's orbit with admire to the solar (geometric modulation) and vacuum oscillations. The geometric modulation produces a ~ three % impression and provides an instantaneous demonstration of the sun beginning of the detected neutrinos. Borexino is ready to reproduce its normal 1/R2 habit with a C. L. at 5cr in three years of knowledge taking. one hundred eighty The modulations as a result of vacuum oscillations are certainly greater and will achieve an element of ~ four among diverse annual seasons. Borexino is especially favoured as a result of the monochromaticity of the 7 Be line. based on a Fourier research utilized to the Borexino facts which were generated via assuming the V. O. speculation, the Borexino sensitivity extends to giant Am 2 values. - Zenith perspective distribution and day/night distinction. those observables may be tormented by the life of the MSW impression. The sunlight neutrinos from the 7 Be resource exhibit a big day/night influence (a issue of two distinction) within the LOW quarter. Borexino is exclusive during this area. related issues also are legitimate for the zenith perspective distribution. - eight B sunlight neutrinos. the development fee in Borexino for the eight B sun neutrinos is ~300/year. Borexino can degree the neutrino power spectrum with a threshold at ~3. five MeV. - Borexino application past the sunlight neutrinos. Borexino supplies an important tag for V occasions through the subsequent reactions: v+ p = e + + n (threshold = 1. eight MeV) n + p = 2 H + 7(2. 2 MeV). The latter response has a hold up of ~200^us with appreciate to the V response. for that reason the next reports are attainable.

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