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By Ian Taylor, Gladys Mokhawa

ABSTRACT

It has been stated that diamonds are Botswana’s ally, yet with the
rise of the ‘conflict diamonds’ factor in overseas politics, spurred on in
the major by way of non-governmental companies, Botswana has felt compelled
to move at the offensive to cajole the diamond-buying public that its
diamonds are ‘clean’ and legit. This ‘Diamonds for Development’
project has in contemporary months been one of many major planks of Botswana’s
foreign coverage. despite the fact that, a parallel NGO crusade round the factor of the
San Bushmen has emerged that, in line with perceptions linking diamonds
to the elimination of the San from their houses, threatens Gaborone’s image
as a manufacturer of ‘clean’ diamonds.1 this text makes an attempt to provide an explanation for the
dynamics in the back of those concerns presently bedevilling Botswana’s
relations with the skin world.

African Affairs (2003), 102, 261–283.

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The govt. consultant again and again attempted to hyperlink Survival International’s crusade to ‘hidden explanations’ which have been supposedly ‘racist’ in starting place. while, this consultant provided completely no proof for such claims. seventy eight. Attending the above mining convention, one of many current authors (Taylor) mentioned at size with numerous mining representatives the San factor. It used to be relatively transparent that the mining group was once profoundly disturbed by means of the government’s intolerance and the concomitant public relatives fiasco this has engendered not just for Botswana but in addition for the picture (and earnings, certainly) in their businesses. now not eternally: BOTSWANA, clash DIAMONDS AND THE BUSHMEN 281 its natural world and AIDS programmes. however it doesn't need to know what foreigners ponder its appalling remedy of Basarwa, and it sort of feels it has but to grasp that what these foreigners imagine will ultimately impact what they purchase and the place they decide to take their vacations. the govt are able to order the Basarwa to be evicted, however it can't order american citizens to shop for its diamonds. seventy nine Alarmed via such actualities, Louis Nchindo, Debswana’s dealing with Director, expressed predicament that the govt used to be ‘not doing sufficient to place throughout its part of the tale to the overseas group’ and that ‘the Basarwa factor may impression negatively on diamond construction in Botswana’. eighty The high-profile protests on the establishing of De Beers’s new London diamond shop in November 2002 (with the version Iman pulling out of the professional establishing on the final minute) sincerely introduced the difficulty to a brand new point, with London’s monetary occasions writing that De Beers’s endeavour to advertise diamonds as a logo of affection, funds and tool used to be ‘undermined’ by way of the crusade opposed to the compelled elimination of the San in Botswana. eighty one in reality the crusade by way of Survival foreign so rattled De Beers that during overdue November 2002 it threatened to sue the NGO. eighty two the purpose of the above is to teach that Botswana’s declare to deal in ‘clean diamonds’ and to be diversified from the opposite African manufacturers of the gem stones — a primary pillar upon which the Diamonds for improvement crusade was once outfitted — is open to a crusade by means of involved NGOs over the difficulty of the San. certainly, through boasting of its ‘difference’, Gaborone has triggered itself an exceptional wave of feedback vis-à-vis the San, which has the aptitude to break the financial system excess of the clash diamonds crusade. the reason is, the clash diamonds venture used to be normal, while the NGO intervention over the CKGR is restricted to Botswana. either the anti-apartheid circulate and the historical past of the clash diamonds crusade exhibit the very genuine strength and strength that NGO transnational activism has in modern worldwide politics. eighty three Concluding feedback while Botswana has sought to reject feedback, claiming the mantle of nation sovereignty and saying that the NGOs concerned don't realize the difficulty appropriately (or are prompted by means of ‘racism’), the Gaborone executive, regardless of itself, has had to be conscious of the risk posed to the seventy nine.

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