Download E-books Peace, They Say: A History of the Nobel Peace Prize, the Most Famous and Controversial Prize in the World PDF

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By Jay Nordlinger

In this ebook, Jay Nordlinger provides a background of what the subtitle calls “the most famed and debatable prize within the world.” The Nobel Peace Prize, just like the different Nobel prizes, started in 1901. So we now have a neat, sweeping heritage of the twentieth century, and a couple of decade past. The Nobel prize includes a primary international warfare, a moment international struggle, a chilly warfare, an apprehension battle, and extra. It contends with the various key problems with sleek occasions, and of existence itself.

It additionally offers a parade of attention-grabbing people—more than 100 laureates, now not a dullard within the bunch. a few of these laureates were historical statesmen, similar to Roosevelt (Teddy) and Mandela. a few were heroes or saints, akin to Martin Luther King and mom Teresa. a few belong in different categories—where might you set Arafat? Controversies additionally swirl round the awards to Kissinger, Gorbachev, Gore, and Obama, to call only a handful.

Probably no determine during this publication is extra attention-grabbing than a non-laureate: Alfred Nobel, the Swedish scientist and entrepreneur who begun the prizes. The e-book additionally addresses “missing laureates,” those who didn't win the peace prize yet may need, or must have (Gandhi?).

Peace, They Say is enlightening and enriching, and occasionally even enjoyable. It has its evaluations, however it additionally offers what's important for readers to shape their very own critiques. what's peace, besides? these kinds of those that were topped “champions of peace,” and the world’s foremost—should they've been? Such is the stuff this ebook is made on.

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In 19 years, the prize was once now not given, for varied purposes. (To take the main dramatic: in the course of global conflict II, the committee contributors have been scattered. ) On sixty two events, the award used to be given to 1 individual or association; on 28 events, it used to be given to 2 individuals, enterprises, or someone and a company; and on events, as we've seen, it was once given to 3 individuals. one hundred and one members bought the prize, and 20 companies. The overseas Committee of the crimson move has received it 3 times, the place of work of the U. N. excessive Commissioner for Refugees two times. One person has gained the peace prize plus one other Nobel prize: That used to be Linus Pauling, the yankee scientist and activist who gained the prize for chemistry in 1954 and the prize for peace in 1962. (To be such a lot exact, he received the peace prize for 1962 in 1963. He received it essentially for his advocacy of a nuclear try ban. ) you recognize in regards to the one posthumous award, to Hammarskjöld. additionally, one winner refused the prize: Le Duc Tho, the North Vietnamese legitimate who received with Kissinger in 1973. The Nobel Committee nonetheless lists Le Duc Tho as a laureate. you could refuse the committee, yet that doesn't suggest that the committee will refuse you. extra laureates have come from the U.S. than from the other kingdom: 21. the following such a lot laureate-rich international locations are nice Britain and France, with 8 each one. (Most of the British and French wins happened early within the prize’s historical past. ) the yank laureates contain 3 sitting presidents (Theodore Roosevelt, Wilson, and Obama), one former president (Carter), former vice presidents (Charles G. Dawes, who served lower than Coolidge, and Al Gore, who served less than Clinton), 5 sitting or former secretaries of country, and at the very least heroes: Martin Luther King and Norman Borlaug (the agronomist who fed so many). laureates have come from Russia: Sakharov, the physicist-dissident, and Mikhail S. Gorbachev, the final boss of the USSR. One laureate has come from China: the 2010 recipient, Liu Xiaobo, a dissident and political prisoner. The Norwegian Nobel Committee can not often be accused of favoring its personal. simply Norwegians have gained, and, interestingly adequate, they received in successive years. In 1921, Christian Lange was once a co-laureate with Hjalmar Branting (the father of Swedish socialism). In 1922, Fridtjof Nansen, the superhero, received on his personal. How approximately Scandinavia extra generally? You take into accout what Nobel stated in his will: “It is my exhibit want that during awarding the prizes no attention no matter what will be given to the nationality of the applicants, yet that the main important shall obtain the prize, no matter if he be a Scandinavian or now not. ” The Norwegian committee has given the peace prize to 8 Scandinavians. in addition to the 2 Norwegians, there were 5 Swedes and one Dane. a few count number Finland and Iceland as elements of Scandinavia, and there was one winner from Finland: Ahtisaari in 2008. nowadays, the Norwegian Nobel Institute turns out wanting to say how “globalized” the prize has develop into.

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