Download E-books Polysemy: Flexible Patterns of Meaning in Mind and Language (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs, 142) PDF

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By Brigitte Nerlich

Approximately fifty years in the past, Stephen Ullmann wrote that polysemy is 'the pivot of semantic analysis'. Fifty years on, polysemy has develop into one of many most well-liked themes in linguistics and within the cognitive sciences at huge. The e-book bargains with the subject froma big choice of viewpoints. The cognitive strategy is supplemented and supported through diachronic, psycholinguistic, developmental, comparative, and computational views. The chapters, written by way of essentially the most eminent experts within the box, are all underpinned via distinctive discussions of technique and concept.

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I must collect a brand new motor vehicle. gather as such is as polysemous as get during this appreciate. you possibly can argue that Let's extra most likely invokes an agentive examining than a non-agentive one; that choose up will be an American colloquial synonym for purchase; and that want could deliver into brain that the speaker is planning on doing whatever agentive concerning the challenge. yet nonetheless we're on delicate floor with examples like those: the excellence among acquiring and RECEIVING turns out to begin wasting its relevance. As a wide percentage of the situations include components that cause them to doubtful circumstances, the temptation to cast off the excellence acquiring vs. RECEIVING grows. but while we discover plenty of clearer situations, a few of them supplying us with neat pairs of prototypical examples of the 2 varieties, distinctive by means of the informant as varied meanings of get. in the end, distinguishing (examples of) that means kinds was once what the construction activity used to be all approximately, so if an informant comes up with multiple instance of switch OF ownership, we continually need to supply a minimum of a few rationalization and outline of the similarities and variations among the 2 or extra examples. the sphere of acquiring and RECEIVING, as provided in desk I, is so complex that we've got to accommodate numerous parameters right now. a few informants might exhibit us an instance the place they wish to differentiate CONCRETE acquiring for somebody ELSE from METAPHORICAL RECEIVING (for oneself), calling our awareness to 3 alterations whilst: (i) concrete vs. metaphorical; (ii) agentive vs. non-agentive; and (iii) for somebody else vs. for oneself. but Experiments with English get and Finnish pitiiii 177 we the analysts might be resulted in seek just for one minimum distinction in each one pair of sentences that the informants have produced. the opposite try out sort, distinction evaluate, offers us a few extra proof for the truth that the excellence is a tricky one. The pair in (14), which contained CONCReTE acquiring FOR ONESELF and urban RECEIVING, used to be not just judged as particularly diversified in that means (the 10th maximum "different" ranking one of the demonstrated 31 pairs, with standard ranking of two. thirteen on a scale from zero to 4), however the decisions additionally deviated relatively remarkably: the traditional deviation for this pair used to be the 5th optimum one of the validated pairs. 10 ( 14) a. b. I went to get a sweet bar. I bought a motor vehicle for my birthday. The research of specific issues within the polysemy of get calls for sensitivity for continuum results, generality results and other forms of flexibleness. eventually we additionally have to ask ourselves why such a lot of informants appear to contemplate the excellence among (agentive) acquiring and (non-agentive) RECEIVING so very important within the another way considerable and intricate polysemy of get, no matter if the excellence is partially too versatile to set up. The equipment i've got used up to now can't resolution that query. four. 2. acquiring vs. wearing a pleasant instance to illustrate the tricky yet difficult distinction among and urban wearing comes from Lindstromberg (1991: 291) who doesn't remark greatly at the distinction in which means: acquiring for somebody ELSE (15) (16) I obtained the letter to her [the letter, to her].

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