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What is in a reputation? utilizing the instance of a well-known monster from Greek fable, this ebook demanding situations the dominant view legendary image denotes a unmarried, uncomplicated 'figure' and proposes in its place to conceptualize the identify 'Scylla' as a mix of 3 options - sea, puppy and lady - whose articulation adjustments through the years. whereas archaic and classical Greek models frequently emphasize the metaphorical coherence of Scylla's numerous elements, the identify is more and more handled as a well-defined but additionally paradoxical build from the overdue fourth century BCE onward. continuing via designated analyses of Greek and Roman texts and photographs, Professor Hopman indicates how a similar identify can variously convey anxieties concerning the sea, canines, competitive girls and shy maidens, hence supplying an empirical reaction to the semiotic puzzle raised through non-referential right names.

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The Odyssean passage heavily resembles the diction of the simile from Patroclus’ aristeia. 24 –pª prob»l at Od. 12. 251 parallels p”trh‚ ›pi probl ti at Il. sixteen. 407. qÅraze at Od. 12. 254 has a counterpart at Il. sixteen. 408. even if our model of the Iliad doesn't provide one other example of the angler simile in terms of an aristeia, it truly is attainable – given the hugely conventional content material of the Iliad – that it used to be one of many ways that bards and audiences visualized a warrior dragging the corpse of a sufferer together with his spear. if that is so, the angler simile in Odyssey 12 belongs with and brings to a climax 22 23 24 at the series of arming scene and aristeia, see Mueller 2009: 92–3. On arming and conflict scenes, see Edwards 1992, with bibliography. at the value of omissions in conventional oral poetry, see Slatkin 1991 and the caveat of Andersen 1998. Heubeck and Hoekstra 1989 on Od. 12. 251–5. The impregnable monster 31 the martial paradigm underlying the passage. not just does Odysseus fail to struggle with Scylla, however the simile constructs her instead of him as a warrior acting his aristeia. In different phrases, Odysseus’ eagerness to struggle culminates in a parodic duel the place the monster, instead of the hero, occupies the successful place. a failed hesiodic wrestle as though references to the Argo tale and the martial strive against scene weren't sufficient, the Scylla narrative extra highlights Odysseus’ helplessness by way of drawing on a 3rd narrative version: the stumble upon among hero and primordial monster exemplified within the cosmogonic poetry of the Theogony. Monsters and different brilliant components are infrequent in Homer, which already makes the Scylla story stand out and offers it an strange taste. 25 As Martin West and others have mentioned, Scylla has much more in universal with the monsters of the Theogony than with the remainder of the Odyssey. 26 First, the constitution and diction of Circe’s description of Scylla’s cave resembles the Hesiodic description of Tartarus, where the place ideal gods relegate their defeated competitors. Circe’s description gradually zooms in from Scylla’s rock (12. 73–9), via her cave (12. 80–4), and eventually to Scylla herself (12. 85–100). The transition among the living and its inhabitant is equipped via the adverb ›nqa “there,” and the verb na©w “to live,” by which Scylla is brought (12. 85). the combo of ›nqa and na©w isn't attested in other places within the Odyssey, however it echoes the flowery description of Tartarus within the Theogony (Th. 720–819), whose catalog of population is punctuated via words combining ›nqa with a stative verb (›nqa . . . kekrÅjatai, Th. 729–30; ›nqa . . . na©ousin, Th. 734– five; ›nqa d• . . . o«k©' ›cousin, Th. 758; ›nqa d• naiet†ei, Th. 775). by way of narrative procedure, the zooming-in from Scylla’s living to Scylla herself parallels the zooming-in from Tartarus to its population within the Theogony. moreover, Scylla’s cave is endowed with a number of positive factors corresponding to infernal areas within the Theogony. Her rock reaches towards either heaven and Erebos (12.

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