Download E-books The Book of Firsts: 150 World-Changing People and Events from Caesar Augustus to the Internet PDF

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By Peter D'Epiro

  The ebook of Firsts is an unique, enlightening, and hugely browsable travel of the main strategies of the previous twenty centuries and the way they formed our world.

Peter D’Epiro makes this useful evaluate of human historical past either enjoyable and thought-provoking together with his survey of the foremost “firsts”—inventions, discoveries, political and army upheavals, creative and clinical breakthroughs, non secular controversies, and catastrophic events—of the final thousand years. Who was once the 1st to take advantage of gunpowder? Invent paper? Sack town of Rome? Write a sonnet? What was once the 1st college? the 1st astronomical telescope? the 1st nice novel? the 1st Impressionist portray? The publication of Firsts explores those questions and lots of extra, from the earliest surviving cookbook (featuring parboiled flamingo) and the beginning of chess (sixth-century India) to the 1st civil provider examination (China in 606 advert) and the 1st tell-all memoir approximately scandalous royals (Byzantine Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora). within the type of a hundred and fifty short, witty, erudite, and information-packed essays, The ebook of Firsts is perfect for someone drawn to an stress-free approach to gather a deeper figuring out of background and the attention-grabbing personalities who solid it. 

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Nicholas of Myra (flourished c. 325), whose presents of gold stored 3 women’ advantage it's a unusual METAMORPHOSIS certainly that reworked a fourth-century Greek-speaking bishop of Myra at the southern coast of modern day Turkey into, good, Santa. apart from this iconic contrast, St. Nicholas can declare to be a buyer of sailors, little ones, tourists who fear approximately thieves, Russia, Greece, Sicily, the Italian port urban of Bari, students, pawnbrokers, and prostitutes. He was once acknowledged to be born in a urban of Asia Minor to prosperous Christian mom and dad, and the legends that later accumulated to him claimed that, at the very day of his delivery, he stood up in his tub, joined his arms, praised God, and determined to breast-feed just once on Wednesdays and Fridays to educate himself to quick. a lot later, as an orphan with Christian charity in his center and an immense patrimony on his arms, he got here to the rescue of a widower who had misplaced all his riches and feared he must make prostitutes of his 3 younger daughters to maintain all of them from ravenous. Nicholas hit at the stratagem of taking a handful of gold, wrapping it in a handkerchief, and in some way supplying it anonymously to the determined kin. The moon, shining brightly on an open window, pointed the way—he threw the golden reward in and ran. the daddy, who observed it land at his ft, used it as a dowry to marry off his eldest daughter. you recognize the rest—Nicholas, in real fairy-tale model, does an analogous for the opposite daughters, yet at the 3rd social gathering the daddy was once at the look ahead to him and thanked him profusely, notwithstanding Nicholas made him promise let alone whatever to somebody. a few say the 3 balls in entrance of pawnshops don't hark again to the Medici banking family members yet to St. Nicholas’s 3 pouches of gold. Then he took a sea voyage to Palestine within which he introduced again to lifestyles a sailor who had fallen overboard. certainly, whilst a typhoon later arose, the sailors all prayed to him, and he calmed it. On returning domestic, Nicholas settled within the urban of Myra, the place, after the bishop died, the clergymen had a imaginative and prescient ordering them to settle on as their subsequent chief the 1st guy to teach up at church the next morning, who—you guessed it—was Nicholas. They made him bishop and not had cause to remorse their selection. He kept the folk from a dread famine within which he occurred to stick on the resort of a guy who used to kidnap youngsters and feed them to his visitors. instantly divining what demeanour of nutrition the depraved guy had set prior to him, Nicholas went to a bathtub of salted meat, made the signal of the pass over it, and 3 little kids who were pickled in it got here again to existence, secure and sound. So runs the legend, an uneasy amalgam of Hans Christian Andersen and the Brothers Grimm. maybe you’re thinking about how St. Nicholas, who used to be buried in a church in Myra after his dying someday within the mid-fourth century, got here to stay in a silver casket within the crypt underneath the altar of the Basilica di San Nicola in Bari, at the southeastern coast of Italy.

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