By Andreas Willi
Through reading linguistic edition in Aristophanic comedy, Andreas Willi opens up a brand new viewpoint on intra-dialectal range in Classical Attic Greek. A consultant diversity of registers, technical languages, sociolects, and (comic) idiolects is defined and analyzed. Stylistic and statistical observations are mixed and supplemented through typological comparisons with fabric drawn from sociolinguistic study on smooth languages. The ensuing portrayal of the Attic dialect deepens our realizing of assorted socio-cultural phenomena mirrored in Aristophanes' work.
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Extra info for The Languages of Aristophanes: Aspects of Linguistic Variation in Classical Attic Greek (Oxford Classical Monographs)
No matter if Abaris' surname used to be already present in Aristophanes' time can't be ascertained, yet Herodotus did be aware of of (and rationalize) Abaris' functionality. sixty two fifty nine Diog. Laert. eight. forty six (cf. eight. 44). Kingsley (1995) 163 issues out that Pythagorean informants of Socrates stay anonymous in Plato. Socrates' pupil 'avoids' naming his grasp already in Nub. 195. 60 Ar. fr. 279, 942? ; PI. Prot. 3Hd; males. Sam. 256, 258; Theocr. 24. 50. In Ran. 519—20 Dionysus' ypdoov . . . airro? on a'orepx°f«" 'tell [them] . . . that the fellow himself might be making his access" maybe indicates an imagined direct formula Cf. Dover (1968) one hundred twenty five and for the (possible) foundation of this Schwyzer/Debrunner (1950) 211. sixty one Cf. additionally Marianetti (1992) sixty four. at the date of the dogmatic Pythagorean d/cova/tara see Burkert (1972) ninety one, 188. sixty two Porphyr. FP2g; Iambi. vice president 135-6 (cf. 91); Hdt. four. 36; cf. Burkert (1972) a hundred and fifty. 'Scientific Discourse' a hundred and fifteen (3) not just does Socrates' oath in Nub. 627, a 'by respiratory, through Void, through Air', contai one other connection with the primeval divinity Chaos that performed a huge function in Orphic cosmogonies including "Epefios and AWrip (cf. Aepa),6363 however the extra notable Avam>ori coupled with A-TIP additionally connects the road to a piece ascribed to Pythagoras and starting with the phrases 'no, via the ai which I breathe'. sixty four it's not even worthwhile that this paintings itself was once in move in Aristophanes' time: it truly is enough if its writer quoted a customary Pythagorean oath, which used to be used already within the 5th century. This checklist could be supplemented with fabric of a extra common variety. (4) the way the Socratics in Clouds represent a bunch of initiates remembers either Orphic secret cults and the 'secretive' association and educating of the Pythagorean communities;65 the affinity among Orphism and Pythagoreanism (at least while checked out from outdoors) has already been pointed out (§ four. three. 1). (5) Socrates' prayer in Nub. 264-74 comprises parts which are attribute of Orphic hymns, as Dieterich confirmed greater than 100 years in the past. sixty six (6) in view that Orphism and Pythagoreanism have been rather of sturdy in Southern Italy, it's tempting to work out within the Nub. 332 a connection with Orphic or Pythagorean seers or clergymen; a number of the earliest Orphic gold leaves, datable to round four hundred BC were chanced on accurately at Thurii. sixty seven (7) The asceticism of the 'phrontists' in Clouds (Nub. 103, one hundred seventy five, 363) has a parallel in Pythagorean way of life; this selection grew to become sixty three See West (1983) 70, 184-6, 198-201, 230-1. Av. 691, 693, 698 (bird cosmogony), and Socrates' Nub. 424 (containing one other 'divine triad' and stressing the quantity '3' (rpia TOUTI), which used to be very important already in early Pythagoreanism: Riedweg (1997) 88) are the one different passages in Aristophanes the place the notice Xdo; happens. sixty four Pythagoras try. 14 A 19; cf. Kleinknecht (1937) 86-7; Dover (1968) 177-8. sixty five Cf. Dover (1968) p. xli, concerning Arist. fr. 192 Rose (Pythagoras try out. 14 A 7) yet keeping that 'the analogy among initiation and admission to a process guide is an noticeable one'; Taylor (1911) 129-77; Morrison (1958) 202—3; Marianetti (1992) 63-71.