By Will Durant
A concise survey of the tradition and civilization of mankind, The classes of historical past is the results of a life of examine from Pulitzer Prize–winning historians Will and Ariel Durant.
With their available compendium of philosophy and social development, the Durants take us on a trip via heritage, exploring the probabilities and barriers of humanity over the years. Juxtaposing the good lives, rules, and accomplishments with cycles of struggle and conquest, the Durants exhibit the towering subject matters of background and provides aspiring to our personal.
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Personality and historical past VI. Morals and historical past VII. faith and historical past VIII. Economics and background IX. Socialism and historical past X. govt and heritage XI. heritage and battle XII. development and rot XIII. Is development genuine? approximately WILL AND ARIEL DURANT BIBLIOGRAPHICAL consultant NOTES INDEX Preface This postlude wishes little preface. After completing the tale of Civilization to 1789, we reread the 10 volumes with the intention to issuing a revised variation that will right many error of omission, truth, or print. In that approach we made observe of occasions and reviews that would remove darkness from current affairs, destiny chances, the character of guy, and the behavior of states. (The references, within the textual content, to numerous volumes of the tale are provided no longer as specialists yet as circumstances or elucidations so encounter. ) We attempted to defer our conclusions until eventually we had accomplished our survey of the narrative, yet without doubt our preformed critiques prompted our choice of illustrative fabric. the next essay is the end result. It repeats many rules that we, or others prior to us, have already expressed; our goal isn't really originality yet inclusiveness; we provide a survey of human event, now not a private revelation. the following, as so frequently some time past, we needs to gratefully recognize the assistance and suggestions given us through our daughter Ethel. WILL AND ARIEL DURANT I. Hesitations As his reports come to a detailed the historian faces the problem: Of what use have your stories been? have you ever present in your paintings basically the enjoyment of recounting the increase and fall of countries and ideas, and retelling “sad tales of the dying of kings”? have you ever discovered extra approximately human nature than the guy on the street can examine with no loads as beginning a ebook? have you ever derived from historical past any illumination of our current situation, any information for our judgments and guidelines, any defend opposed to the rebuffs of shock or the vicissitudes of switch? have you ever chanced on such regularities within the series of previous occasions so that you can are expecting the long run activities of mankind or the destiny of states? Is it attainable that, in any case, “history has no sense,”1 that it teaches us not anything, and that the colossal earlier used to be in simple terms the weary practice session of the error that the long run is destined to make on a bigger degree and scale? every now and then we suppose so, and a mess of doubts assail our firm. firstly, will we particularly comprehend what the prior was once, what truly occurred, or is heritage “a fantasy” now not particularly “agreed upon”? Our wisdom of any previous occasion is usually incomplete, most likely faulty, beclouded by way of ambivalent proof and biased historians, and maybe distorted via our personal patriotic or non secular partisanship. “Most historical past is guessing, and the remaining is prejudice. ”2 Even the historian who thinks to upward thrust above partiality for his kingdom, race, creed, or classification betrays his mystery predilection in his number of fabrics, and within the nuances of his adjectives. “The historian consistently oversimplifies, and rapidly selects a doable minority of evidence and faces out of a crowd of souls and occasions whose multitudinous complexity he can by no means rather embody or understand.