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By Xenophon

Presents an eyewitness account of the test by means of a Greek mercenary military - the 10 Thousand - to aid Prince Cyrus overthrow his brother and take the Persian throne.

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Even a cut price, just like the procedure of tolls paid to the Uxians at the highway to Persepolis (Arrian Anabasis III. 17), used to be stable experience, no longer weak spot – if Alexander had needed to traverse it greater than as soon as, he may have inspiration good of the Persian process. Satraps can have consistent battle with Mysians, Pisidians, Lycaonians (III. 2. 23) however it all argued not more than the consistent wars of, say, the Roman governors of Macedonia opposed to the problematical Thracian tribes. So the absence of Persian competition for many of the march is not any signal that the empire was once tottering. The Greeks had six afflicted days north from the Zab, they went unmolested via Armenia after an contract with the satrap, until eventually they themselves broke the contract (IV. four. 4,14,18); for the remaining they have been past Persian dominion. It took an Isocrates to imagine that this confirmed that the empire was once ripe to fall. Nor should still one be misled by way of the curious scenario published through the hole bankruptcy of the 1st e-book, the place Cyrus is located besieging Miletus, which Tissaphernes had disposed to his personal pride. the massive satrapy, or particularly mix of satrapies, and the both huge army command conferred on Cyrus via his father (I. nine. 7) used to be with out precedent; it expressed the King’s decision to place an finish to Greeks taking part in off one satrap opposed to one other and to deliver Athens to defeat; and the wrangle among Cyrus and Tissaphernes is vague. however the basic state of affairs was once for satraps to have, inside of wide limits, very substantial autonomy, and this may contain not only failure to live performance approach, as occurred with Tissaphernes and Pharnabazus in 412, yet even contract with the enemy to a different satrapy’s drawback, as occurred in 395 whilst Tithraustes supplied Agesilaus with funds to take his military out of his satrapy and into Pharnabazus’. This moves us as a wierd kind of imperialism, yet we needs to realize that it used to be now not inevitably weak spot. The empire was once, in terms of the process of communications, large and fragile. At such a lot of issues, at mountain passes or river-crossings, may the road of communications be damaged that the kings may perhaps basically preserve regulate via now not attempting to preserve tight keep an eye on. The Lydian and Phrygian satraps should be delivered to heel in time of predicament. For the remainder their freedom to wrangle used to be a guard of the authority of the vital energy. the only actual weak point of the empire touched on within the Anabasis used to be Egypt, which had revolted once more almost immediately earlier than the day trip of Cyrus (II. 1. 14, five. 13). It proved time and again extra hassle than it was once worthy. the serious nationalism of the local humans rendered the satrapy at risk of insurrection. Its reconquest used to be a tough army challenge. The strategy march around the wilderness made the supply of provides tough; the crusade needed to be timed to start because the Nile fell and to finish prior to it rose; the palms of the Nile and the canal method made the rustic especially defensible. within the fourth century the Persians needed to make 4 expeditions prior to they recovered it in early 342, in which time they need to were lively opposed to their new enemy, Macedon.

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