By R. K. Narayan
The maximum Indian epic, one of many world's preferrred masterpieces of storytelling
A sweeping story of abduction, conflict, and courtship performed out in a universe of deities and demons, The Ramayana is general to almost each Indian. even if the Sanskrit unique used to be composed by means of Valmiki round the fourth century BC, poets have produced numerous models in numerous languages. the following, drawing at the paintings of an eleventh-century poet referred to as Kamban, Narayan employs the talents of a grasp novelist to re-create the buzz he present in the unique. A luminous saga made available to new generations of readers, The Ramayana should be loved for its religious knowledge, or as an exciting story of old conflict.
For greater than seventy years, Penguin has been the best writer of vintage literature within the English-speaking global. With greater than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a world bookshelf of the simplest works all through background and throughout genres and disciplines. Readers belief the series to supply authoritative texts more advantageous through introductions and notes by way of amazing students and modern authors, in addition to up-to-date translations via award-winning translators.
Read Online or Download The Ramayana: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic (Penguin Classics) PDF
Best Mythology books
Newly up to date and increased with the author’s most popular text. A sleek masterpiece from the multiple-award-winning grasp of leading edge fiction, Neil Gaiman. First released in 2001, American Gods grew to become an immediate vintage, lauded for its outstanding synthesis of “mystery, satire, intercourse, horror, and poetic prose” (Washington put up) and as a latest phantasmagoria that “distills the essence of the US” (Seattle Post-Intelligencer).
In line with the legends utilized in Greek drama, Seneca's performs are impressive for the exuberant ruthlessness with which disastrous occasions are foretold after which pursued to their tragic and infrequently bloodthirsty ends. Thyestes depicts the risk of an ancestral curse putting over feuding brothers, whereas Phaedra portrays a lady laid low with deadly ardour for her stepson.
First written down within the 8th century advert, those early Irish tales depict a much older world—part delusion, half legend and half heritage. wealthy with magic and achingly attractive, they communicate of a land of heroic battles, extreme love and warrior beliefs, within which the otherworld is explored and males mingle freely with the gods.
Written in Iceland a century after the shut of the Viking Age, The Prose Edda is the resource of such a lot of what we all know of Norse mythology. Its stories are peopled via giants, dwarves, and elves, superhuman heroes and indomitable warrior queens. Its gods reside with the tragic wisdom in their personal drawing close destruction within the cataclysmic conflict of Ragnarok.
Additional resources for The Ramayana: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic (Penguin Classics)
They have been huge, immense, older than the Vedas, and had survived 4 dissolutions of the universe. Their branches swept the heavens. nobody, now not even Brahma, may perhaps degree the gap among the pinnacle and backside of those bushes. Rama stood in entrance of the seven timber and twanged his bow string, the resonance echoing via the entire hills and valleys. Then Rama took out an arrow and shot it via not just the trunks of the seven timber but additionally in the course of the seven worlds, and the seven seas, and all issues in seven; after which it again to its start line within the quiver. Sugreeva used to be crushed at this demonstration and bowed his head in humility, confident now that he used to be within the presence of a saviour. at the best of this mountain Rama spotted a heap of bleached bones and requested Sugreeva, “What is that? ” Sugreeva informed him the tale. DUNDUBI’S tale those are the bones of a monster named Dundubi; he was once a robust demon within the form of a buffalo. He had sought out Vishnu and acknowledged, “I desire to interact you in a battle. ” Vishnu directed him to Shiva because the acceptable individual for such an excursion. Dundubi went to Mount Kailas and attempted to boost it off together with his horn. Shiva seemed ahead of him and requested, “You are shaking our starting place. what's your want? ” Dundubi stated, “I are looking to ﬁght ceaselessly. Please provide me that energy. ” Shiva directed Dundubi to the executive of all of the gods, Indra, who stated, “Go right down to the earth and meet Vali. he's the single one that can fulﬁll your ambition. ” 96 the ramayana Accepting this recommendation, Dundubi got here down and attempted to spoil all this a part of the earth, shouting foul demanding situations addressed to Vali. Vali attacked him. Their ﬁght endured for three hundred and sixty five days with out a holiday. eventually Vali plucked Dundubi’s horn off his head and gored him to demise and, lifting him by way of his neck, whirled him approximately and ﬂung him excessive into the air; and the carcass ﬂew throughout the sky, and fell down at this spot, the place Sage Matanga was once doing a little sacred rites. The sage moved off after cursing Vali for deﬁling his prayer flooring. * * Rama ordered Lakshmana, “Push away these bones,” and Lakshmana kicked the total heap out of sight, restoring to the spot its unique sanctity. Sugreeva now stated, “I needs to inform you this; some time past we observed Ravana wearing off Sita within the skies. We have been attracted by way of her screams and as we appeared up, she bundled her jewelry and threw it down. probably to point the way in which she passed”—and Sugreeva put sooner than Rama a package deal of knickknack. on the sight of it, Rama was once grief-stricken. Tears got here to his eyes and he swooned. Sugreeva revived him and promised, “I won't relaxation until eventually I ﬁnd the place she is and restoration her to you. ” Rama grieved that he had no longer safe his wife—the embellishes reminding him repeatedly of his lapse. “Even a standard stranger whilst he see a helpless girl taunted or in poor health taken care of will provide his existence to save lots of her yet i've got didn't guard my spouse, who relied on me implicitly and me into the barren region; and i've failed her woefully. ” hence he lamented, breaking down many times.